Alternative contraceptive methods and fertility decline in India

by K. B. Pathak

Publisher: International Institute for Population Sciences in Mumbai, India

Written in English
Published: Pages: 28 Downloads: 543
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Places:

  • India.
  • Subjects:

    • Contraception -- India.,
    • Fertility -- India.
    • Edition Notes

      StatementK.B. Pathak, Griffith Feeney, and Norman Y. Luther.
      SeriesNational family health survey subject reports,, no. 7
      ContributionsInternational Institute for Population Sciences.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsMicrofiche 98/60453 (R)
      The Physical Object
      FormatMicroform
      Pagination28 p.
      Number of Pages28
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL511665M
      LC Control Number98909854

The effect of moderate son preference on family size is analysed using data from the Sri Lanka Contraceptive Prevalence Survey whose respondents were followed-up in the Sri Lanka Contraceptive Survey. Reported reproductive intentions on desire for additional children were not always reflected in overall contraceptive use. Methods. We modelled future population in reference and alternative scenarios as a function of fertility, migration, and mortality rates. We developed statistical models for completed cohort fertility at age 50 years (CCF50). Completed cohort fertility is much more stable over time than the period measure of the total fertility rate (TFR). Fertility Control. Methods of contraception. Extent of contraceptive practice. Effectiveness. Sterilization. Abortion. Methods of the future. BIBLIOGRAPHY “Fertility control,” as the term is used in this article, refers to patterns of human behavior that have as their primary objective the prevention of unwanted pregnancies and births. Fertility awareness contraceptive methods prevent pregnancy by relying on a woman monitoring her fertility throughout the menstrual cycle and avoiding sex on days of the cycle in which she is fertile. These methods are also known as periodic abstinence methods and natural contraceptive methods.

Other modern methods such as oral contraceptives, the condom, and IUDs, attract far fewer women. El Salvador’s impressive fertility decline was initially driven by female sterilization. The most recent survey shows not only an impressive narrowing in the fertility differences among rich and poor, urban and rural, but also a much greater.   The global total fertility rate (TFR) — a metric that captures the average number of children a woman has over her lifetime — is predicted to steadily decline. In , the TFR was In.   Some other natural birth control methods include: Breastfeeding. The risk of pregnancy is 1 in 50 for women who. gave birth less than 6 months ago; . Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. Birth control has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century. Planning, making available, and using birth control is called family planning. Some cultures limit or discourage access to birth control.

: Pravin Visaria: Books, Biogs, - Contraceptive Use and Fertility in India: A Case Study of Gujarat by Pravin Visaria, Leela Visaria and Arun K Jain by Pravin M Visaria. Contraceptive use and fertility in the Republic - 1. Stud Fam Plann. Oct;12(10) Contraceptive use and fertility in the Republic of Panama.   A smartphone app containing motivational videos developed to help married rural women in India better understand contraceptive choices led .   The study analyzes the links between family planning programs, contraceptive prevalence and fertility trends in sub-Saharan Africa. It is based on case studies of countries with demographic surveys. The study reveals a variety of situations. Some countries have completed their fertility transition, while others have reduced their fertility level rapidly in urban areas, but less so in .

Alternative contraceptive methods and fertility decline in India by K. B. Pathak Download PDF EPUB FB2

Alternative Contraceptive Methods and Fertility Decline in India Abstract. Three-quarters of contraceptive users in India are sterilized, more than five times the level typical of developing countries.

Because sterilization is irreversible, couples are unlikely to use this method unless they are certain they will not want more children in the. Request PDF | Alternative contraceptive methods and fertility decline in India | The Indian family welfare program has been dominated for decades by a reliance on female sterilization.

NFHS. Accelerating India's fertility decline: the role of temporary contraceptive methods. Pathak KB, Feeney G, Luther NY. PIP: This report summarizes findings from the National Family Health Survey of India, on fertility and contraceptive use.

Fertility declined about 2 children/woman during The total fertility rate in was 3 Cited by: 5. Family planning programmes have received paramount importance in South Asia because of their large number of population and high fertility rates.

The objective of this study was to examine differentials in contraception use, method choice and discontinuation of contraception among currently married women aged in two countries of South Asia: Bangladesh and : Kamrul Islam. India’s modern contraceptive use is only about 48%, with female sterilisation accounting for 75%.

The modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) for spacing methods is only %. of fertility decline, where the driving force has been in-creased modern contraceptive use.2–4 Explanations other than contraceptive use have been proposed for Ghana’s fertility decline, including underreporting of contraceptive use by women and the control of fertility through reduced coital frequency.3,5 Widespread use of induced abortion.

Education among girls at least through 14 years of age, and contraceptive use, play a great role in bringing down a country's fertility rate. Previous studies have clearly established the role of.

Improvement in contraceptive use, including increases in use of any method, dual methods, LARC and withdrawal, was the primary proximal determinant of declines in adolescent pregnancy and birth rates in the United States from to 2 World Fertility and Family Planning Highlights United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division 7.

Modern contraceptive methods account. The Pearl Index is used to report how effective each form of birth control is, including non hormonal birth control pills and alternatives.

The lower the number, the more effective the method is and the lower the risk of pregnancy. For example, IUDs have a Pearl Index of about to and birth control pills are at about to Fertility Decline in india: contributions by Uneducated Women Using contraception P Arokiasamy India’s fertility transition is driven by major fertility declines among women who are illiterate.

Consequently, the earlier emphasis on women’s education and socio-economic conditions as determinants of fertility. India has experienced a dramatic fertility decline over the last 50 years, from children per woman in –72 to children by –16 [1, 2].The fertility decline occurred in almost all sections of society- rich and poor, literate and non-literate, upper caste and lower caste, Hindus and Muslims [3,4,5].Improvements in child mortality, women’s schooling, and economic development.

HMIS (India), und Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (India). "Adopters of family planning across India from April to Junebased on methods of contraception.

According to data from the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), there has been a decline in the use of contraceptives in 10 out of 14 states surveyed in India. That’s a six percent drop – over the span 10 years – in the use of what considered as “modern methods” among women of childbearing age (), according to IndiaSpend.

social development approach. India is not a model of social development by any means, but it is making reasonable progress with fertility decline through non-authoritarian methods.

This progress owes a great deal to the improvement of female literacy and the decline of child mortality, and much more can be achieved in that direction. Background. Select estimates of contraceptive use in the –16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS is equivalent to the Demographic and Health Survey in India) have come under the scrutiny of researchers and policy makers.

This time, the story line was to speculate the reasons for the declining trend of the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) between –06 and –   Background The recent decline in fertility in India has been unprecedented especially in southern India, where fertility is almost exclusively controlled by means of permanent contraceptive methods, mainly female sterilization, which constitutes about two-thirds of overall contraceptive use.

Many Indian women undergo sterilization at relatively young ages as a consequence of early marriage. Methods We modelled future population in reference and alternative scenarios as a function of fertility, migration, and mortality rates.

We developed statistical models for completed cohort fertility at age 50 years (CCF50). Completed cohort fertility is much more stable over time than the period measure of the total fertility rate (TFR). The world population is expected to increase greatly this century, aggravating current problems related to climate, health, food security, biodiversity, energy and other vital resources.

Population growth depends strongly on total fertility rate (TFR), but the relative importance of factors that influence fertility needs more study.

We analyze recent levels of fertility in relation to five. Contraceptive use is a key factor in fertility rates that came up many times during the workshop, but four presentations provided detailed looks at this factor. Akinrinola Bankole of the Guttmacher Institute spoke about the impact of contraceptive use and abortion on fertility rates.

Clémentine Rossier of the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques addressed the role of traditional family. Family planning in India is based on efforts largely sponsored by the Indian tocontraceptive usage has more than tripled (from 13% of married women in to 48% in ) and the fertility rate has more than halved (from in to in ), but the national fertility rate in absolute numbers remains high, causing concern for long-term population growth.

Contraceptive use and fertility in India. New Dehli: Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, (OCoLC) Online version: Visaria, Pravin M. Contraceptive use and fertility in India. New Dehli: Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors.

Although fertility decline often correlates with improvements in socioeconomic conditions, many demographers have found flaws in demographic transition theories that depend on changes in distal factors such as increased wealth or education.

Human beings worldwide engage in sexual intercourse much more frequently than is needed to conceive the number of children they want, and for women. the total fertility rate has remained at lifetime births per woman. Son preference is thought to be a constraint on further fertility decline.

Methods: Data from the Matlab Demographic Surveillance System were used to investigate the effects of son preference on contraceptive use, abortion and fertility, and trends in these ef.

contraception.3 Researchers estimate that more than million women in their reproductive years who would like to limit or space their pregnancies do not cur-rently use a contraceptive method—a situation termed the “unmet need for contraception.”4 So, for example, about 16 percent of married women in India have this unmet need.

Women experienced short-term delays in a return to fertility if they had recently stopped using oral contraceptives, the contraceptive ring, and some long-acting reversible contraceptive methods.

Over the last two years the Indian government rolled out Mission Parivar Vikas, which offers three new hormonal methods of contraception, including progestin-only contraceptive pills. Sterilisation isn’t only popular in India – it’s on the rise. Even so, sterilisation isn’t only popular in India.

FIGURE Contraceptive use among women aged 15 to 49 in five sub-Saharan regions in and SOURCE: Bankole (). method at all is 40 percent. Abortion, however, plays an important role in limiting fertility in different parts of the region, he added; rates range from 15 to 38 abortions per 1, women aged 15 to much.

Most modern forms of birth control are 70% to 99% effective depending on the method chosen. For women who can't use modern forms of contraception, herbs can offer alternatives, and reducing fertility would be better than no birth control. Some herbal contraceptives have a cumulative effect in the body, they need to be taken.

The Survey also reveals that the desired fertility rate was in urban India, in Rajasthan, in rural India, and among women who have had less than five years of schooling. ‘The decline has been sharper among Muslims than among Hindus, who.

in fertility, though the change is modest. The high marital fertility rates with little evidence of decline, determine high total fertility rates in Malawi. As it is the case in other regions, injection is the predominant method of contraception suggesting a tendency by .Using data from the German Family Panel pairfam, we focused on the use of any contraceptive method which involves costs to the user, as opposed to the use of methods which do not incur monetary.The National Family Health Survey-4 for records a notable drop in the fertility rate of Muslim women.

Globally, people are producing fewer children, and this decline is reflected among both Hindus and Muslims in India. But what is important is that the gap between the fertility rates of the two communities here has narrowed after 40 years.